What is IBD?
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a syndrome that is caused by a specific response to persistent irritation of the tract of the small intestine. According to several vet doctors, inflammatory bowel disease in cats has also been reported frequently.
Inflammatory bowel disease in dogs is one of the causes of chronic (long-term) vomiting and diarrhea. It can be associated with weight loss or the inability to gain weight despite good nutrition.
IBD in dogs is thought to be related to an over-active immune system and can affect both the small and large intestines. This means that the lining or wall of the intestine is inflamed, thereby hampering the ability of the intestines to carry out its normal roles in digestion and absorption of nutrients from the meals eaten by the dog.
What are the clinical signs of IBD?
IBD can occur at any part of the digestive gastrointestinal (GI) tract, but it almost affects the stomach and/or the intestines. For IBD in dogs, symptoms to look out for are majorly chronic vomiting and/or chronic diarrhea, weight loss, and poor appetite are also just as common.
However, it is not totally out of place to see some dogs developing a ravenous appetite in response to the inability to digest and absorb the meals they consume.
How is IBD diagnosed?
Initial testing for IBD starts with the assessment of the fecal matter, blood tests, and imaging of the intestines by either X-ray or ultrasound. Then, IBD is conclusively diagnosed after an intestinal tract biopsy.
How long can dogs live with IBD?
For the best possible inflammatory bowel disease in dogs treatment outcomes, it is important to have IBD diagnosed, managed and closely monitored by a vet doctor as promptly as possible. If your pet is inflammatory bowel disease can be managed successfully, then the diagnosis is good.
It is possible that you may be able to reduce your dog’s medication by keeping your dog on an altered diet that works for them or even stop daily medications with the supervision and recommendation of the vet doctor.
Some dogs stay on the same diet and treatment for a number of years, while others may need to change either their treatment, their diet or both every few months. The response to both meals and medication will determine whether there is a need to switch or not. Correct diagnosis is absolutely essential for your canine’s symptoms of IBD because severe forms of the condition have been known to progress to intestinal cancer.
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