SymptomsSymptoms can include excessive blinking, protrusion of the third eyelid, swollen blood vessels of the eye, cloudy or ulcerated eyes, and discharge.
Breed SpecificAlthough common in dogs, breeds genetically predisposed to KCS are the Affenpinscher, Bulldog, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Chihuahua, Chow Chow, Cocker Spaniel, Dachshund, Gordon Setter, Kerry Blue Terrier, Lhasa Apso, Miniature Schnauzer, Pekingese, Poodle, Pug, Sealyham Terrier, Shih Tzu, Standard Schnauzer, Toy Poodle, West Highland White Terriers and Yorkshire Terrier.
Common Treatment ProtocolImmunosuppressant and artificial tear medications are generally prescribed for KCS. Immunosuppressant drugs work by “interrupting” the immune system’s attack of the tear glands, but it does not completely stop the attack. Aside from not producing the most favorable results, the other downfall is that it also comes with unwanted side effects and the dog will need this medication for the remainder of their life.
Stem Cell TreatmentStem cells halt the attack on the tear glands by "resetting" the immune system. This means that your dog can be treated once with stem cell injections into his tear glands and third eyelid, and be resolved of the issue for life.
Further ReadingMore information can be found on this page written by Dr. Garner: Allogeneic Stem Cell Therapy for KCS
Or, you may be interested in the following article by Cognizant Communication Corporation.
Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation in Dogs With Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca